The roots of the mariachi go back at the 19th century in the state of Jalisco, as a version of a Spanish theatrical orchestra. The name “mariachi” comes from the French word “marriage” for marriage. Marriages were the most common use of mariachi band during the 19th century, when the French occupied parts of Mexico. As a means of communication, from a young man in love with a woman, the serenata, is a musical message of love delivered by the Mariachi on his behalf.
A mariachi orchestra consists from seven to fifteen musicians. Most of the times they sing about love, betrayal and the heroes of the revolution (1910-1920). Their main instruments include a violin (the primary instruments of mariachi’s melody), a guitar (which was introduced by the Spanish) and a trumpet (the latest addition to their tunes).